History of Portugal

Portugal is a country that came into existence in the year 1143.This was 15 years after Dom Afonso Henriques also known as Afonso 1. He overthrew his mother who was at the time Countess Teresa of Portugal. She was known to be loyal to the Kingdom of Leon, during the battle of Sao Mamede and not far away from Guimaraes. Afonso sent his mother to prison and later exiled her out of the country. She later died in the year 1130.That is the reason why Guimaraes is referred to today as the original place of origin for Portugal.

However, Portugal only became a sovereign country in 1385, after Joao Mestre de Avis with the aid of Nuno Alvares Pereira overthrew the Castilians in the Aljubarrota war. One striking fact about the war was that the Portuguese armies were outnumbered 1:6 b the Castilian army. Dom Joao was made a king with his male children. In 1911 the then ruling class was removed by a revolution which led to the killing of the then ruler King Manuel 1, together with his son. For the next sixty years after the revolution, the country was ruled by a government that used a repressive mode of governance and restricted the freedom of the people.

A good example is Antonio Salazar who the government can be referred to authoritarian. The resulted effect was that if drove Portugal’s economical to a third world status when compared to other European countries. He also extended his rule to African nations such as Guniea, Angola, and Mozambique. The resultant effect was a deplorable economic situation which led to the colonial war that led to the slaughter of many Portuguese citizens

A reform was proposed and incorporated in the year 1974. The improvement brought about an open democracy which gave way to freedom of the citizens. Politicians and Union leaders took advantage of this reform and looted the county’s resources. From the year 1976, independence was granted t all its colonies in Africa; this single act led to a boom of refuges in the country. Portugal became a member of the European Community in 1986. This gave the country access to loans and monetary reliefs to boost the country’s economy. Portugal’s economic growth skyrocketed to in the 1980’s and 1990’s.

Today, under the constant regulation of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and European Central Bank Portugal can boost economic stability. The war against corruption has been active as some of those corrupt leaders like Jose Socrates who was the one-time prime minister of Portugal was convicted and imprisoned. Economic-wise Portugal has lots of national and multination companies, creators and an excellent educational system that is focused on producing creative minds. Portuguese are good people who are accommodating and hard workers. It is their hard work that makes up for the blunders committed by their corrupt leaders. An example is a16 million Euro budget which the president could not account for and also a fleet of luxury cars which the office of ministry keeps.

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